The common Diseases of the Heart (Cardiovascular system continued)
Azimawellness foundational Talk 20/2019.
Know Thyself: The common Diseases of the Heart (Cardiovascular system continued)
Cardiovascular diseases are the number 1 cause of death globally. More people die annually from Cardiovascular diseases than from any other cause. An estimated 17.9 million people died from Cardiovascular diseases in 2016, representing 31% of all global deaths.
Out of the 17 million premature deaths (under the age of 70) are due to noncommunicable diseases in 2015, 82% were from low- and middle-income countries. A whooping 37% were caused by Cardiovascular diseases.
Over three quarters deaths by Cardiovascular diseases take place in low- and middle-income countries. Kenya falls in this group. 85% of the deaths are due to heart attack and stroke alone.
Mention heart disease and most people instantly picture a heart attack, though the term refers to any of the disorders of the heart. Heart disease refers to issues and deformities in the heart itself. These may include coronary artery disease, arrhythmia, cardiomyopathy, and heart failure.
Under the category of heart diseases, we have 3 groupings. Different diseases affect the hearts function as a result of different triggers. See the discussion below.
a. Circulatory diseases:
Those relating to High Blood Pressure and coronary artery disease (blockages in the pipes arteries that supply blood to the heart). They can result in a stroke or heart attack, which can be devastating.
b. Structural diseases:
Those relating to Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy) and congenital abnormalities (problems in the development of the heart and blood vessels) they can damage the heart muscle or valves.
c. Electrical diseases:
These are the Abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias) caused by problems with the electrical system that regulates heartbeat. The heart rate may be too slow or too fast; these can cause sudden cardiac death.
Common examples of heart diseases include:
a. Clogged Arteries
pain in the chest could be a sign of clogged artery. when fat and cholesterol build up in the artery it makes it hard for blood to flow through. Our body reacts by warning us of this problem through acute pain in the chest. Next time you have a chest pain seek immediate medical help.
b. Heart Attack
Heart attack occurs as a result of plaque deposit to the arteries. Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood from the heart. (plaque is made of excessive fat, cholesterol and other substances floating through the bloodstream, such as inflammatory cells, proteins and calcium). Healthy arteries have a smooth lining that prevents blood from clotting and promotes steady blood flow. When plaque deposits accumulate in the arteries, they slowly become narrowed or blocked thus preventing blood to get through to nourish the organs and other tissues, causing damage to the tissues and eventually tissue death.
What are the signs of a Heart Attack?
A person suffering from heart attack may register the following symptoms:
-Pain or pressure in the chest as a result of clocked arteries.
-Discomfort spreading to the back, jaw, throat, or arm
-Nausea, indigestion, or heartburn
-Weakness, anxiety, or shortness of breath
-Fast or irregular heartbeats
-Irregular Heart Beat: Arrhythmia
-Your heart beats because of electrical impulses, and they can get off rhythm.
This is the type that affects the heart beat rhythm. Arrhythmias can make your heartbeat go fast, slow down, or quiver. They’re often harmless and pass quickly, but some types can affect your blood flow and take a serious toll on your body.
d. Heart Muscle Disease: Cardiomyopathy
As we grow the heart muscles also stretches to grow. This weakens the muscles strength. Abnormal heart muscle can make it hard to pump and carry adequate blood to the rest of the body. This can lead to heart failure.
e. Heart Failure
This does not mean your heart stops working. It means the organ can’t pump enough blood to meet your body’s demands. over time, the heart gets bigger in size. This weakens the heart muscles and lowers the amount of blood flowing out.
f. Congenital Heart Defect
From birth, you can have a leaky valve or a damaged wall separating your heart chambers. Sometimes, the defects aren’t found until you’re an adult. Most people rarely visit a cardiologist who have the knowledge and the tools to diagnose such conditions. Make a date with a cardiologist at the least every 3 years. Some conditions can be managed for long or be reversed if detected early.
g. Sudden Cardiac Death
Cardiac death happens when the heart’s electrical system goes out of order making it beat irregularly fast. Instead of pumping out blood to your body, your chambers quiver.
Stick around for our next article as we discuss the best ways to take care of the heart through food, exercise and good lifestyle choices.
With Profound respect,
Coach Maina Azimio.
ICF- Accredited Certified Professional Coach,
Conference Speaker and Corporate Trainer in Wellness.
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