Know thyself: The Cardiovascular Diseases.
Azimawellness foundational Talk 18/2019.
Know thyself: The Cardiovascular Diseases.
Cardiovascular system is responsible for circulating blood throughout the body. The epicenter of cardiovascular system is the Heart which literally keep us alive. The heart muscles contract and relax to push blood through the veins and capillaries to deliver oxygen, electrolytes and nutrients to the cells.
White blood cells together with plasma helps the body to fight diseases. The circulatory system plays a foundational role in the body. Failure to take good care of the body may result to cardiovascular illness.
There are a number of diseases that affect both the cardiovascular system and the lymphatic system. Cardiovascular diseases are those that relate to the Heart and the blood vessels (Thinning of the walls or Artery). On the other side, Lymphatic diseases are a class of disorders which directly affect the lymphatic system.
What are the risk factor of cardiovascular Diseases?
A risk factor is any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury. There are two categories of cardiovascular diseases risk factors.
Those that can be controlled or reversed and those that are beyond our control.
Those that we cannot control include:
a) Gender (example Researchers found that throughout life, men were about twice as likely as women to have a heart attack.)
b) Age (the older you get, the higher your risk)
c) Previous family history of heart disease(genetic predisposition)
d) Being at post-menopausal.
Controllable risk factors include:
a) Smoking (Smokers have more than twice the risk of having a heart attack compared to nonsmokers.) Avoid or stop smoking for better health.
b) High LDL, or “bad” cholesterol- Your chance of having heart disease increases as the level of bad cholesterol increases. Be selective on what you eat. Avoid animal foods that are high in cholesterol .
c) Uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure)- Stress on the blood vessels makes people with hypertension more prone to heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, heart attack or stroke.
d) Physical inactivity may cause the veins to become weak and rupture . Avoid living a sedentary lifestyle. Engage in daily physical activity for better health
e) Obesity- Individuals with obesity have an increase in fatty tissue that increases their vascular resistance and in turn increases the work the heart has to do to pump blood throughout the body thereby increasing chances of cardiovascular disease. Seek help to deal with obesity
f) Uncontrolled diabetes- Hyperglycemia, or raised blood sugar, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many of the body’s organs , especially the nerves and blood vessels. Reduce your sugar intake and do more physical activity to convert the sugar you take to glucose and energy.
g) Uncontrolled stress and anger- Anger may also disrupt the electrical impulses of the heart and provoke dangerous heart rhythm disturbances. Stress hormones may lead to higher levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), a substance linked to atherosclerosis and heart disease risk. Take things easy. Avoid getting agitated for things you cannot control or change. Forgive and let go quickly when you catch yourself angry
Below is the common types of cardiovascular diseases.
a. Coronary artery disease.
Disease that damage the heart’s major blood vessels.
b. High blood pressure.
A condition which occurs when the force of the blood is too high for the walls of the blood vessels.
c. Cardiac arrest.
This is the diseases that leads to Sudden, unexpected loss of heart function, breathing and consciousness.
d. Congestive heart failure.
A chronic condition in which the heart doesn’t pump blood as well as it should.
Taking care of the cardiovascular system.
1. Schedule a Yearly Checkup.
Each year on your birthday, schedule a checkup to have your blood pressure, cholesterol and glucose levels checked, and ask your doctor and nutritionist to help you reach or maintain a healthy body weight.
2. Get Physical.
The body is made for activity. The minimum daily workout should not be less than 30 minutes every day of the week.
3. Drink More Water.
Over 70% of the human body is water. Drink adequate amount of water for your body. To get the right amount of water to take, divide your body weight by 9 to get the glasses of water you should take in a day. If it is hot you should take more water because oh dehydration.
4. Eat Healthy.
Put raw veggies and fruits where you will see them first before unhealthy snacks. You are likely to take more of what you see first. If you do healthy foods for 66 days continuously , healthy choices will become your new normal.
Eating foods high in saturated fat, Trans fat or cholesterol can lead to increased bad cholesterol and high blood pressure .
Good health is a choice. If you do the right things consistently , you will avoid many of the conditions taking many people to an early grave like stroke and heart failure . Good health start with what you eat and your level of activities to burn the food. Any excess calories intake is converted to fat and stored in the body. Take control of your health today.
With Profound Respect,
Coach Maina Azimio.
ICF- Accredited Certified Professional Coach,
Conference Speaker and Corporate Trainer in Wellness.
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