Know thyself: The Integumentary system and Diseases of the skin.

Azimawellness Foundational Talk 15/2019.

Know thyself: The Integumentary system and Diseases of the skin.

We are continuing to unpack the 12 systems that run our body.

Nerves are a collection of neurons, which are made of individual nerve cells. A group of neutrons make up a nerve cell.

A neutron consists of; Cell nucleus that coordinates activities of the cell, Dendrites which conduct stimulation of the nerve to the brain and one or more axons which extend the length of nerves for wider coverage. Axon terminals transmit impulses to other nerves.

The main function of nervous tissue is to receive stimuli and send the impulse to the spinal brain. 

There exists 2 types of nerves i.e sensory nerves and motor nerves.

a) Sensory nerves also known as afferent nerves carry impulses from sensory receptors towards the brain.
b) Motor nerves also known as efferent nerves, carry impulses away from the brain to muscles and glands.

Nerves are located throughout our body from the skin, through and around body organs and to send impulse to the brain. Together with nails, Hair and the skin, they make up the integumentary system.

Diseases of the integumentary system.

Dermatologists are specialists in treating skin diseases, disorders and injuries. You should visit a dermatologist once a year to check the condition of your skin and get early treatment for any infections. 

A dermatologist can also advice whether your skin could be reacting to a product you are using like soap or cosmetics. Some skincare products we regularly use maybe harmful to your skin. It is important to have regular checks to confirm your skin is not affected.

The most common conditions that affect the skin are acne and warts. There are more serious skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis which can result to skin cancer if not treated early.


Warts are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). They often occur on the hands and soles. Sometimes, tiny black dots will be visible in a wart. In simple language, warts can be explained as blocked blood vessels appearing as black dots in the palm.


Acne is a disorder of the hair and oil glands. It is among the most common skin conditions treated by dermatologists. Acne occurs when hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. The condition manifest as red bumps and pimples on the face, chest and at the back .

Treatment for acne include vitamin A products (retinols prevent plugging of hair follicles), salicylic acid (to unplug pores), benzoyl peroxides (to decrease bacteria) and antibiotics (to reduce inflammation).

Diabetic neuropathy.

Nerves need to be kept well fueled by blood vessels which supply them with oxygen and nutrients. If blood vessels feeding the nerves become damaged by high blood glucose over extended periods of time, the nerves can become damaged and diminish ability to function properly. Diabetic Neuropathy is the term used to for nerve damaged as a result of diabetes attacks.

Skin cancer.

Skin cancer is an abnormal growth of skin cells, and the most common type is basal cell carcinoma. The most serious skin cancer is melanoma, which looks like a dark, changing, bleeding skin spot. This cancer begins in the skin’s pigment-producing cells. Although it is the rarest form of skin cancer, it causes the majority of skin cancer deaths.

Taking good care of the skin.

The rule of the thumb is only apply on your skin what you can put in your mouth. The skin is very sensitive to changes in pH, temperature and pressure. Allow your skin to breathe. Avoid heavy use of cosmetics to allow the skin perform its functions. Below are 5 ways to take good care of your skin.

1. You are What You Eat- A diet rich in vitamin C and low in fats and sugar promotes radiant skin. Don’t eat spicy and heavily fermented foods. Eat more oats and fruits for better skin health.

2. Sweat It Out- Exercise regularly. Running, jogging & yoga boost blood circulation to the skin as well. Clean your skin after a workout to remove dirt.

3. Beauty Sleep- The skin repairs when we are asleep. Ensure to sleep for 6 – 8 hours every night. If you don’t get enough sleep at the right time, your skins do not get adequate time to repair.

4. Hydrate yourself. Drink a lot of water daily, at least 8 glasses if not more. Eats fruits and vegetables that have a high water content to hydrate your body and skin.

5. To say goodbye to Acne, wash your face with warm water three times a day & gently massage your face in circular motions. 

The days Thomas Edison talked about are now. Take care of your body systems to avoid use of pharmaceutical medicine that are acidic and cause serious side effects.

With Profound Respect,

Coach Maina Azimio.
ICF- Accredited Certified Professional Coach,
Conference Speaker and Corporate Trainer in Wellness.
Tell: 0704 561 095 or 0722 516 896
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