Why do we Eat?

Repost from 27th August 2017

 WHY DO WE EAT?

In the articles I have shared before, we have been dwelling on Know Thyself and the Human physiology.

We started with our external structure and how we are made to function so that we can be more aware of ourselves and set realistic + attainable expectations.

We discuss what we should eat and why it is always important to start with the big WHY in anything we do. We cannot come up with a good meal plan if we do not know why we need to eat.

It’s a fact that the majority of the world’s people eat for satiety. Others eat for entertainment – they go for the food they enjoy eating. Yet others eat what they got their parents eating without any question.  Our association with food is greatly influenced by media. Advertisements have made us prefer certain foods that are not of any value to the body. They are just empty calories.

We eat to nourish our body

This body God gave us and instructed us to take good care of is a complex system with specific needs to keep functioning as intended. Diet is the source of the nutrients it needs. A proper diet must contain the nutrients our body requires. It starts with awareness of what we need and in what quantities per day. We should also know where to get these nutrients.

This is what we intend to share with you in this and subsequent articles. We will be breaking down what the body requires and why, where to get them and in what form is most ideal. We will also discuss when we may need to supplement and with what.

The way we relate with food starts with smell. When you smell good food, the digestive process is activated. This start preparation for the food you are about to eat.

Food is broken into small parts in the mouth and mixed with saliva amylase to soften it and make it slide through the gut. It takes around 29 hours from the time food get into the stomach for digestion to be completed and the waste deposited in the rectum for expulsion.

There are 5 basic components the body need from the food we eat. These are Carbohydrates, Protein, Fats, Vitamins and Minerals. Each of them plays specific roles in the body. We will go into each of them in details. Today we will start with Vitamins. There are 13 different groups of vitamins.

The following chart is a summary of all known vitamins and the role they play and their food sources. We have also indicated the challenges with each food source and possible mitigation

 

VITAMIN  CHEMICAL NAME       USES SOURCES
PLANTS ANIMALS
A Retinol, retinal
  • For growth and development.
  • Boosts vision.

                 Deficiency  

  • Night blindness,
  • hyperkeratosis,
  • keratomalacia
  • Carrots
  • Cabbage
  • Mango
  • Papaya
  • Orange
  • Ripe yellow fruits
  • Leafy vegetables
  • Pumpkin
  • Squash
  • Spinach
  • Liver
  • Eggs
  • Milk
  • Butter
  • Fish Liver Oil
  • Fish
B1 Thiamine
  • Aid digestion, nerve and muscle function.

 Deficiency

  • Beriberi,
  • Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
  • Potato
  • Beans
  • Soya beans
  • Wholegrain cereals
  • Oat meal
  • Brown rice
  • Vegetables
  • Milk
  • Liver
  • Pork
B2 Riboflavin
  • Healthy skin, mouth and eyes.

 Deficiency

  • Dim vision
  • keratitis photophobia
  • Ariboflavinosis,
  • glossitis,
  • angular stomatitis
  • Vegetables
  • Soya beans
  • Tomato
  • Bananas
  • Popcorn
  • Liver
  • Milk
  • Red meat
  • Chicken
  • Eggs
  • cheese
B3 Niacin

niacinamide

  • Helping functions in the digestive system, skin and nervous system

 Deficiency

           Pellagra

 

  • Vegetables
  • Mushrooms
  •  tree nuts
  • Meat
  • Fish
  • Eggs
B5 Pantothenic acid
  • Boost immunity, reduce osteoarthritis and signs of aging, increase resistance to various types of infections, stimulate physical growth, and manage diabetes and skin disorders.

 Deficiency

  • Paresthesia

 

  • Broccoli
  • Avocadoes
  • Meat
B6 Pyridoxine,
  • Amino Acid metabolism, Disease Resistance
  • Deficiency:
  • Anemia,
  • poor resistance to disease

 

  • Pulses
  • Beans
  • Dry fruits
  • Nuts
  • Whole grain maize
  • Fish
  • Liver
  • Milk
  • Mutton
B7 Biotin
  • improved metabolism, tissue maintenance, healthy skin, weight loss, relief from heart problems, alopecia, Parkinson’s disease, Rett syndrome and vaginal candidiasis.
  • It also aids in the synthesis of vital components and helps in maintaining blood sugar levels.

Deficiency

Anemia

 

  • Vegetables
  • Tree nuts
  • Bananas
  • Meat
B9 Folates
  • Prevention of heart disorders, stroke, cancer, and birth defects during pregnancy.
  •  It also helps in building muscles, cell enhancement, hemoglobin formation, and provides relief from mental and emotional disorders.

 Deficiency

  • Megaloblastic anemia and deficiency during pregnancy is associated with birth defects, such as neural tube defects

 

  • Leafy vegetables
  • Pasta
  •  Bread
  • Cereals
  • Liver
B12 Cyanocobalamin
  • For red blood cells, Nitrogen, metabolism

 Deficiency:

  • Pernicious Anemia
  • Liver
  • Eggs
  • Cheese
  • Milk
  • Fish
D Cholecalciferol (D3)

Ergocalciferol (D2)

  • Formation of bones, Aids calcium absorption.

Deficiency

Rickets, weak teeth and bones

  • Sunlight

(Avoid sunshine from 11 A.M – 4 P.M)

  • Mutton
  • Fish
  • Egg
  • Milk
  • Liver oil
  • Butter
C  Ascorbic acid
  • Healthy growth, good teeth, solid gum, blood vessels

 Deficiency:

  • Scurvy, swollen gum
  • Lemon
  • Oranges
  • Grapes
  • Tomato
  • Amla
  • Cucumber
  • Cabbage
  • Greens
  • Guava

 

  • Plants only
E Tocopherols
  • For proper reproduction

 Deficiency:

  • Sterility, muscular paralysis
  • Greens
  • Apples
  • Wheat
  • Germ oil
  • Vegetable oil

 

  • Eggs
  • Milk
K Phylloquinone
  • Normal blood, liver functioning

 Deficiency:

  • Hemorrhage
  • Vegetable oil
  • Tomato
  • Greens
  • Soya beans

 

NB

CHALLENGES/RISK FACTORS OF PLANT SOURCES MITIGATION CHALLENGES/RISK FACTORS OF ANIMAL SOURCES MITIGATION
Maybe grown with chemical/Preservatives

Maybe grown in sewage

Poor handling

Look for organically grown.

Ensure not grown in sewage.

Wash well before use.

-Fed with hormones

Use of preservatives

-contain bad cholesterol and high in fat

Zero fibre

Highly acidic

Unless you rear your own animals for food and prepare fresh with no chemicals.

Use sparingly to avoid cholesterol.

Ensure cleanliness when handling

Vitamins support the body to function at optimum. We cannot do without them. We’ve included the diseases that result from deficiency in any of the vitamins. Plan your meals properly to ensure that it is not deficient of any vitamin. We will discuss more details in our next article.

We have also included what we should look out for. Beware of food grown with chemicals. Instead of nourishing the temple, they become part of the problem. Let us all commit to go for the health alternative we have recommended.

We will discuss more in our next article. We thank you for finding our information helpful.

With Profound Regards;

Coach Maina Azimio.

ICF- Accredited Certified Professional Coach,
Conference Speaker and Corporate Trainer in Wellness.
Tell: 0704 561 095 or 0722 516 896
Email: mainazimio1@gmail.com

Follow me on facebook; Maina Azimio/ Azima wellness Consultants.

Twitter; @Azima_Wellness

Linkedin; Maina Azimio

YouTube; Maina Azimio.

or Join the Daily Chats Conversation on Telegram Or WhatsApp

https://t.me/joinchat/EGyHtUJGUpEe3WOlE6NLRg
https://chat.whatsapp.com/Hw26iOtqlrOHe1ucvjCDO1

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

^