Efforts advanced to mitigate amount of carbon dioxide released in the atmosphere.
AZIMA WELLNESS 66 DAYS LIFESTYLE ADJUSTMENT AND BEHAVIOR CHANGE CHALLENGE
Efforts advanced to mitigate Carbon dioxide (c0 2) emission in the Atmosphere.
Carbon dioxide gas is the main pollutant in global warming. The main sources of carbon dioxide are cars, planes, power plants, and other human activities that involve the burning of fossil fuels such as gasoline.
The carbon footprint arose out of the debate on climate change and became a tool to measure and estimate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions related to human activities. It measures the emission of gases that contribute to heating the planet in carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalents per unit of time or product.
Governments and policy makers have decided to join hands to mitigate global warming and to seek ways to reduce GHG emissions in response to growing interests and concerns about climate change over the past two decades.
The following are examples of what is being done to reduce global warming by reduction of the quantity of carbon dioxide emitted in the atmosphere. i.e
A. The Paris Agreement;
This is a voluntary agreement among 118 nations ratified on November 4, 2016 geared towards reduction of GHG on a global scale to combat climate change. As a part of the agreement, each country agreed to take measures to combat climate change, with the ultimate goal of keeping the post-industrial global temperature rise below two degrees Celsius.
B. Carbon pricing/ carbon tax
Nordic countries pioneered carbon taxes 25 years ago, while Portugal recently joined in . Carbon taxes have been leveraged by linking their introduction to other issues and often through a ‘roundtable’ method of policy making enabling agreement on exemptions and compensations.
Carbon taxes have proven effective in curbing emissions and with excise taxes on fuels providing long-term signal to think new ways to transform the energy sector and transport systems. Carbon tax schemes have been designed to reinforce employment and economic activity and to avoid damaging the planet at the altar of economic benefits. Carbon pricing policies have been taking shape on various levels, from individual states in the US to multi nation regions (like the EU) around the world. Even some corporations are using internal carbon pricing strategies on their own.
As of 2016, more than 1,200 companies globally reported that they have joined efforts to save the planet through carbon pricing. Among them are big names like Microsoft Corporation, Walt Disney Company, and General Motors Company.
C. Ban on use of diesel cars in cities gaining momentum
“Soot from diesel vehicles is among the big contributors to ill health and global warming,” according to Helena Molin Valdes, head of the United Nations’ climate and clean air coalition. For instance, the EU’s health authority has reported that nitrogen oxides (NOx) and fine-particulate air pollution is responsible for over 400,000 premature deaths every year in the European Nations. These are needles deaths that can be avoided through lifestyle modification.
These are cites that have taken the lead to ban diesel vehicles
1. Four of the world’s biggest cities are to ban diesel cars from their city centers by 2025 in order to improve air quality. The mayors of Paris, Madrid, Athens and Mexico City announced the plans at the C40 Mayors’ Summit on climate change.
The mayor of Paris stated that: “we no longer tolerate air pollution and the health problems and deaths it causes, particularly for our most vulnerable citizens”.
Mexico City’s mayor said that the city would increase investments in public transport so as to improve air quality and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The mayor of Athens pledged they will remove all cars from the city center and work with governments and manufacturers to promote electric vehicles and cleaner transport options.
2. Norway has joined the league by confirming that it will phase out diesel and gas-powered cars nationwide by 2025.
4. Hamburg is working on a policy of zero drive in the city
The German city plans to make walking and biking its dominant mode of transport. Within the next two decades, Hamburg will reduce the number of cars by only allowing pedestrians and bikers to enter certain areas.This project calls for a “green network,” of connected spaces that people can access without cars. By 2035, the network will cover 40% of Hamburg and will include parks, playgrounds, sports fields, and cemeteries.
5. Bikes continue to rule the road in Copenhagen.
Today, over half of Copenhagen’s population bikes to work every day, thanks to the city’s effort to introduce pedestrian-only zones starting in the 1960s. The Danish capital now boasts more than 200 miles of bike lanes and has one of the lowest percentages of car ownership in Europe.
The latest goal is to build a superhighway for bikes that will stretch to surrounding suburbs.
6. Paris will ban diesel cars and double the number of bike lanes.
When Paris banned cars with even-numbered plates for a day in 2014, pollution dropped by 30%. Now, the city wants to discourage cars from driving in the city center at all.
7. The mayor of London have not been left behind. He says the city will ban diesel cars by 2020.
Currently, the city discourages the use of diesel engines in some areas of the city by charging a fee of $12.50 per day for diesel car. “London is already talking about an ultra-low emission zone, banning all sorts of diesel vehicles,” Stephen Joseph from the Campaign for Better Transport told The Telegraph
Britain has announced it would ban sales of all new diesel and gas cars by 2040 to combat Britain’s growing air pollution crisis, according to The Guardian.
8. Brussels in Belgium features the largest car-free area in Europe.Most streets that surround Brussels’ city square, stock exchange, and Rue Neuve (a major shopping street) have always been for pedestrians only. The roads make up the second largest car-free zone in Europe, behind Copenhagen.
9. In April 2016, Mexico City’s local government decided to prohibit a portion of cars from driving into the city center two days every work week and two Saturdays per month. This reduced about 2 million cars and their pollution.
10. Bogotá has been working to kick cars off the streets since 1974.
In Bogotá, Colombia, over 75 miles of roads close to vehicles one day every week in an event that began in 1974, called Ciclovía. The city now has over 200 miles of bike-only lanes. In 2013, the local government also implemented the Pico y Placa (Peak and Plate) program, which bans from driving during the peak traffic hour. The restriction applies to certain license plates on certain days of the week.
11. On August 2, 2017, San Francisco announced its plan to ban cars and add bike lanes on 2.2 miles of Market Street, one of the city’s busiest boulevards, SF Gate reported.
These and more highlight the seriousness the world community is taking taking protection of the planet. We need environmental activists to champion this worthy cause in Kenya and Africa. Can we count on you?
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